Travel Austria - Gmund
Travel Austria


lower austriaInhabitants: 6.100

Gmund was found in the 12th century by Kuenringer Hadmar II. In 1208 Gmund was already mentioned as a city. On the 1st November 1871 was the opening of the railway connection between Eggenburg-Gm├â┬╝nd-Budweis. In the next years more and more Czech citizen came to the city to work for the railway, because German Austrians did not wanted to do the work. Czech railway workers settled down in the Northern districts of Gmund.After the first world war in 1918, the Czech Republic delcared it's independency. Gmund became a city on the border. As the Northern districts of the city (11)  were populated by the Czech railway workers, the city was divided between Austria and Czech Republic. The main city stayed in Austria, but the places in which the Czech railway workers were living was annexed to Czech Republic, and became the Czech name: "Cesk├â┬ę Velenice". German Austrians who were living in Cesk├â┬ę Velenice were not allowed to stay, and had to leave their homes. They were brought to refugee camps in Gmund.Outside of Gmund you can visit the Blockhaide park with mystic stone buidlings and a wooden observation tower.

Gmund from a distance.

The little river called "Lainsitz" which runs through the city.

If you cross the bridge over the Lainsitz river, you reach the Czech border ...

Cesk├â┬ę Velenice
... and the Czech town "Cesk├â┬ę Velenice" which was a part of Gmund until 1919.

The main square of Gmund with interesting old buildings.
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